Path surfaces and trip hazards

Typically an area of high legal liability for car park owners/operators due to the nature of the injuries sustained from trips and falls resulting from substandard surfaces and wheel stops.

Pedestrian Crossings and Route management

Probably the most misunderstood and poorly designed aspects of old and new car parks. What seems simple, is simply not.

Sight Lines

Sight lines are often compromised by vegetation, signage, walls, and poor design/layout that maximise spaces. Operating speed can be a factor influencing the seriousness of the breach, as well as the type of road user that is vulnerable (vehicle/elderly pedestrian/child).


The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) was passed in November 1992 with the first DDA disability standards passed in October 2002 to “…eliminate, as far as possible, discrimination against persons on the ground of disability”. For example, accessible parking bays requires wider and longer dimensions to safely cater for wheelchairs. The standards cover angle parking, parallel parking, headroom clearance, surface requirements, tactile ground surface indicators, ramp grades.

Loading Areas

Thankfully brand new designs usually have loading areas well covered, but anything other than brand new car parks are often rife with serious and immediate safety issues due to reversing movements, access/egress, and interaction with pedestrians and crossings.